Tuesday, February 28, 2012

A Cables length from the shore

What is the actual distance of "a cables length" from the shore?
The simple answer to this question can be taken right out of the dictionary:
Cable’s length:
a nautical unit of length equivalent to 720 feet (219 meters) in the U.S. Navy and 608 feet (185 meters) in the British Navy. (cable's length)

But to really understand the meaning of this word lets go back to its context:
The full penalty was that of having the ….and buried in the sand of the sea at low-water mark or a cables length from the shore, where the tide regularly ebbs and flows twice in twenty-four hours.

To some of us young masons the full penalty does not make complete sense because we do not comprehend the full meaning of what is being referred to in the full penalty of the Entered Apprentice degree. I was fascinated when I came to know what it meant as I’m sure you will too.
For the sake of brevity I will limit myself to the importance of a cables length from the shore and its significance. The craft owes some of its practices to the society, customs and traditions of the British. Its navy was a key factor in the supremacy of the British Empire. (Rodger)Therefore it is quite plausible that our craft has some references that allude to a naval tradition.
To make a cable you first need a rope. Ropes are built up in three steps. First, fibers are gathered and spun into yarns. A number of these yarns are then formed into strands by twisting. The strands are then twisted together to lay the rope. Logically, we must wonder why such twisted strands don’t just unravel when the tension is released. The twist of the yarn is opposite to that of the strand, and that in turn is opposite to that of the rope. It is this counter-twist, introduced with each successive operation, which holds the final rope together as a stable, unified object. (Olsen) A larger rope formed by counter-twisting three or more multi-strand ropes together makes a cable. (Nares)
Those brethren in the Chapter will have added insight into the significance of the description that I have just made, but suffice to say even the Entered Apprentice will appreciate the symbolism alluding to the strength in unity of the cable compared to its constituents.

Now we know that a cables length is approximately 600 ft from shore from its definition so let us examine the significance of burial at this distance. The penalty for treason in the British navy was death as can be expected but after executing the person by hanging they needed to bury the body at sea. The distance of a cables length from the shore was where the garbage from both the land and the sea would collect and rot. Therefore to make sure that a person such as one who was convicted on treason – he who brought dishonor to his country in life should be treated with the same after death. This was the reason this particular distance was chosen as his last resting place so he may have no honorable burial.
It is therefore very apt that such be also the penalty for a man who would go back on his obligation as a Freemason.

(I based my article on a small part of an excellent article by Bro. Garth Cochran who enlightens us on the a cables length, a cable tow and finally incorporating it in a masonic playlet please go here to read it.)

Works Cited

cable's length. n.d. 26 Feb 2012. <http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/cable's length>.
Nares, George S. Seamanship (3rd ed.). London: James Griffin, 1865.
Olsen, J. Bohr and K. The ancient art of laying rope. 2011. Feb 2012.
Rodger, N. A. M. The command of the ocean: a naval history of Britain, 1649-1815, Volume 2. n.d.

Sunday, February 19, 2012

A Freemasonic perspective on Alcohol - Water into wine

One of the differences that I came across when I experienced Freemasonry in America was the conspicuous absence of alcohol in any manner or form at the lodge premises. I sorely missed the "fun" festive boards of my mother lodge the Star of the South 101 GLI at these times.
This naturally got me curious. Was is something we were doing wrong back at home? Or was this some American innovation that I was experiencing? Not being one to sit around with doubts for a long time, I decided to find my own answers. I knew from experience that, to get answers - you need to ask questions. Although asking questions was not something most people enjoyed doing as sometimes they might come across answers that they did not like. I was determined however that this was something worth looking into.
My most favorite charge - the charge after initiation rang in my ears "As a Freemason, let me recommend to your most serious contemplation the Volume of Sacred Law; charging you to consider it as the unerring standard of truth and justice and to regulate your actions by the divine precepts it contains." It was clear to me that I needed to study the Bible to arrive at the truth of this matter. Therefore I began a systematic study of what the Bible had to say regarding the use of alcohol.
Essentially what I wanted to know was if drinking alcohol was a sin. As a Christian I am acutely aware one thing - for all have sinned, and fall short of the glory of God (Romans 3:23) Therefore I could not look at anyone else as an example other than Jesus himself for he was the one man who was without sin by virtue of  being God himself. So I looked at Jesus's life and came upon the first miracle attributed to Christ. The turning of water into wine at the wedding in Cana of Galilee. The following is the English Standard Version (ESV) of this event from John 2:1-11
The Wedding at Cana
1On the third day there was a wedding at Cana in Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there. 2Jesus also was invited to the wedding with his disciples. 3When the wine ran out, the mother of Jesus said to him, “They have no wine.” 4And Jesus said to her,“Woman, what does this have to do with me? My hour has not yet come.” 5His mother said to the servants, “Do whatever he tells you.”
6Now there were six stone water jars there for the Jewish rites of purification, each holding twenty or thirty gallons.a 7Jesus said to the servants, “Fill the jars with water.” And they filled them up to the brim. 8And he said to them, “Now draw some out and take it to the master of the feast.” So they took it. 9When the master of the feast tasted the water now become wine, and did not know where it came from (though the servants who had drawn the water knew), the master of the feast called the bridegroom 10and said to him, “Everyone serves the good wine first, and when people have drunk freely, then the poor wine. But you have kept the good wine until now.” 11This, the first of his signs, Jesus did at Cana in Galilee, and manifested his glory. And his disciples believed in him."

Looking at this I see that Jesus performed a miracle, turning water into wine. This showed beyond a doubt to his disciples that he was able to change the physical reality of things. To me this also afforded an example of Jesus's interaction with wine.
So now I needed to clarify - Did Jesus turn the water into wine (alcoholic) or into grape juice (non-alcoholic)? I went deeper into the text of the matter, and I found that the original word in Greek we translated into English as "wine" is oinos. This was the common Greek word for alcoholic wine. As I researched this topic I realized that some people would like to claim that oinos was actually just grape juice because Jesus would never give people wine to drink (Oh no!!) but that is clearly not the case because it is the same word  oinos used in Ephesians 5:18, "...18And do not get drunk with wine, for that is debauchery,..." Clearly, one can get drunk from drinking only alcoholic wine and not grape juice!
So there you have it. Not only did Jesus perform the miracle of turning water into wine he also made around 20-30 gallons of it in one shot!! So its not like he went for a party and took along a bottle of wine for the host. He made enough for the entire crowd at the wedding. This raised another question in my mind. Was Jesus giving everyone an unlimited drinks pass? Not at all according to me just because God gives us something freely does not give us a licence to abuse it!! Just like every other thing in life that the Almighty has provided for our nourishment, too much of it can be detrimental to our health. Here again our ritual teaches us regarding The cardinal virtues "As an individual, let me recommend the practice of every domestic as well as public virtue: let Prudence direct you, Temperance chasten you..."
So I learnt two things ultimately - that drinking alcohol is not a sin as long as it used with restraint or temperance. This exercise also intrigued me to find out what the bible says on alcohol. More on that in my apologetics blog.